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Introductory Organic Chemistry - Lecture 13

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Lecture 13 - Overlap and Energy-Match

Professor McBride uses this lecture to show that covalent bonding depends primarily on two factors: orbital overlap and energy-match. First he discusses how overlap depends on hybridization; then how bond strength depends on the number of shared electrons. In this way quantum mechanics shows that Coulomb's law answers Newton's query about what "makes the Particles of Bodies stick together by very strong Attractions." Energy mismatch between the constituent orbitals is shown to weaken the influence of their overlap. The predictions of this theory are confirmed experimentally by measuring the bond strengths of H-H and H-F during heterolysis and homolysis.

Prof. J. Michael McBride
CHEM 125: Freshman Organic Chemistry, Fall 2008
(Yale University: Open Yale)
http://oyc.yale.edu
Date accessed: 2009-11-11
License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA

Lecture Material

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Supplementary lecture material is listed below.

1. Overlap / E-Match / Tunneling



 

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