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Justice - Lecture 21

Lecture 21 - Even More Egalitarian?

- Suppose a person with unusual talents is unwilling to make a socially valuable contribution without receiving special incentives for that contribution. Is that unwillingness objectionably selfish, and is the distribution of rewards that results from paying the incentives unjust?
- What would a society be like if its ethos (and not only its laws) required members to make contributions without getting special incentives?
- Suppose that some racists in a society will make productive contributions that benefit racial minorities only if they (the racists) receive very large incentives. Does justice permit the payment of such incentives?
- Are there good reasons to confine the application of the difference principle to the basic structure of society, and not to worry about the choices individuals make within that structure?

Prof. Joshua Cohen
17.01J / 24.04J Justice
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCourseWare)
http://ocw.mit.edu
Date accessed: 2008-12-28
License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA

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